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A distillation of the basic principles, supporting evidence, implications and modes of enquiry of a new Science of inclusive flow.

The (New) Natural Science of Inclusive Flow

By Alan Rayner

Fundamental Principles

  • Matter that is devoid of space would be dimensionless (without size or shape); space without matter would be formless.
  • Therefore matter and space, as natural presences, are included in each other; they are not mutually exclusive opposites.
  • This is only possible if matter is made from energy swirling around particular spatial localities. These localities may be central points or straight or curved channels or interfaces. Together, the swirls of energy and the spatial localities combine to create tangible forms that exist for variable periods of time within particular places. Material bodies can hence be thought of as dynamic localities of ‘place-time’. Since they are products of natural energy flow, they can also be thought of as ‘flow-forms’.

Material form is intrinsically dynamic - a product of natural flow, which arises from the relationship between space and energy. Space plays a receptive, invitingrole and energy plays a responsive, informative role in this relationship, which distinguishes material bodies from one another and their surroundings, but does not isolate them as definitively bounded objects.

So matter both inhabits and incorporates space. It does not occupy or displace space. Space is a natural intangible – and therefore frictionless – presence that cannot be cut by anything or be excluded from anything.

  • Hence there is no such thing as instantaneous, independent material existence, isolated from space, time or energy.
  • Mechanisms of inter-action between material bodies are derived from intrinsic energy flux. They are not enforced from outside.
  • All natural geometrical forms either are, or are derived from circular or spherical form – not rectilinear form.
  • Natural numerical identities are energetic inclusions of zero-dimensional points in infinite space, not static material figures set aside from space.


Actual sensory human experience tells us:-

  • Natural material bodies are distinguishable from one another and their surroundings.
  • Natural material bodies can move, be moved, reconfigure, heat up, cool down, reflect or absorb light, melt, boil, solidify and react chemically with one another. They are never rigidly inert structures.
  • Natural materials resist the movement of material bodies to differing degrees.
  • Natural space does not resist the movement of material bodies to any degree.
  • Natural space is translucent, but not heat-conducting or absorbing, light-absorbing, light-reflecting or a source of light.
  • Sub-atomic identities do not consistently behave in accordance with mechanical cause and effect.
  • Living organisms display sentience and depend for their sustainability on forming relationships with one another and their surroundings, from which they gather the sources of energy they need to thrive.
  • Human beings are emotional creatures.


  • Evolution is a product of co-creative fluid relationship, not selective preservation of favoured varieties and removal of others.
  • Mechanical causation is not primary causation.
  • Emotionality is an expression of natural energy flow.
  • Organisms are primarily needful, not selfish.
  • Opposition, enmity, competition and co-operation are human constructs based on definitive logic, not necessarily natural occurrences.
  • Love is a natural occurrence, not a human construct.
  • Wholes and parts, in the sense of completely definable entities, do not exist naturally.
  • Utter stillness is a quality of intangible space, not tangible structur.
  • Positivity (‘generosity’) cannot exist without negativity (‘receptivity’), and neither can ‘current.

Modes of Inquiry

  • Based solely on actual experience of natural phenomena.
  • Do not invent what is not known to exist for the sake of theoretical or practical convenience. Rigorously subject all truth claims, assumptions and hypotheses to two questions: (1) Is this consistent with actual experience? (2) Does this make consistent, non-paradoxical sense?
  • Include all traditional modes of scientific observation, measurement, experimentation and analysis, but do not objectively isolate observer from observation.
  • Instead combine intimate (first person) with distanced (third person) modes of perception, to enable relational/empathetic (second person) perception.
  • Intuitive, aesthetic, imaginative, empathetic, poetic modes of enquiry and expression are all valid, so long

Sources of Reference


Rayner, A.D.M (2017) The Origin of Life Patterns – In the natural inclusion of space in flux. SpringerBriefs in Psychology and Cultural Developmental Science (G. Marsico and J. Valsiner series editors). Springer.

Rayner, A.D.M. (2011) NaturesScope: Unlocking our natural empathy and creativity - an inspiring new way of relating to our natural origins and one another through natural inclusion. O Books.


Essays on Web

Patterns of Life – Stars & Stripes, Circles, Lines, Spirals, Ripples, Rivers and Crazy Paving in the Natural World

The (True) Nature of Time

Never Quite Knowing - Self as a Natural Centre of Circulation

Natural Companionship

Natural Flow-Form: A Mutual Inclusion of Strength and Weakness

Holding Openness

The Nature of Receptive Omnipresence

Bombshells - The Devastating Mistakes of Abstract Perception

From Abstract to Natural Perception – Through the ‘Space Barrier’ to a Refreshing New Understanding of Life and Love

Inclusional Sustainability

Estrangement and Reconciliation

Natural Co-Creation

Alan Rayner Identity Verified

About the Author 

Alan Rayner
Dr Alan Rayner is a naturalist who uses art, poetry, fluid mathematics and careful science to enquire and communicate about the evolutionary

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